Kyokushin Glossary

極真専門用語集

Kihon Waza Basic Techniques 基本技
Tskui Punch (Thrust) 突き
Uchi Strike 打ち
Uke Block 受け
Geri Kick 蹴り
Buki Weapons 武器
Ashi Foot or Leg
Chūsoku Ball (middle) of the Foot 中足
Haishō Backhand 背掌
Haisoku Instep of the Foot 背足
Haito Inner Knife Hand 背刀
Hiji Elbow
Hiraken Flat Fist 平拳
Hiza Knee
Kakato Heel
Keikō Chicken Beak 鶏口
Kōken Wrist Top 吭拳
Kote Forearm 小手
Nakayubi Ippon Ken Middle Finger Knuckle Fist 中指一本拳
Nukite Spear Hand 貫手
Oyayubi Ippon Ken Thumb Knuckle Fist 親指一本拳
Ryūtōken Dragon Head Fist 竜頭拳
Seiken Forefist (correct fist) 正拳
Shōtei Palm Heel 掌底
Shutō Knife Hand 手刀
Sokutō Outside (knife) Edge of the Foot 足刀
Sune Shin
Te Hand
Teisoku Arch of the Foot 低足
Tettsui Hammer Fist 鉄槌
Tōhō Sword Peak Hand 刀峰
Uraken Backfist 裏拳
Neraidokoro to
Kōgekihōkō
Targets & Directions 攻撃方向と狙い所
Age Rising 上げ
Ago Chin or Jaw
Atama Head
Chūdan Middle Level 中段
Ganmen Face 顔面
Gedan Lower Level 下段
Hana Nose
Hara Abdomen
Hidari Left
Hizō Spleen 脾臓
Jōdan Upper Level 上段
Jōhanshin Upper Body 上半身
Kahanshin Lower Body 下半身
Kake Hooked 掛け
Kansetsu Joint (of limb) 関節
Kata Shoulder
Kintama (Kin) Groin, Testicles (gold jewels) 金玉
Komekami Temple (of Head)
Kubi Neck
Kuchi Mouth
Mae Front, Forward
Mawashi Round, Circular 回し
Me Eye(s)
Migi Right
Mimi Ear(s)
Mizo-ochi Solar Plexus 水落
Momo Thigh
Mune Chest
Naname Diagonal 斜め
Nodo Throat
Oroshi Descending 下ろし
Rokkotsu Rib(s) 肋骨
Sakotsu Collarbone 鎖骨
Sayū Left and Right 左右
Soto Outside
Tobi Jumping 跳び
Uchi Inside
Ude Arm
Ura Reverse Turn
Ushiro Back (direction) 後ろ
Yoko Side (direction)
Dachi Stances 立ち
Fudō Dachi Immobile Stance 不動立ち
Hanmi Half Facing 半身
Heikō Dachi Parallel Stance 平行立ち
Heisoku Dachi Closed Foot Stance 閉足立ち
Hidari Ashi Mae Left Foot Forward 左足前
Kake Dachi Hook Stance 掛け立ち
Kiba Dachi Horse Riding Stance 騎馬立ち
Kōkutsu Dachi Back Leaning Stance 後屈立ち
Kumite Dachi Fighting Stance 組手立ち
Migi Ashi Mae Right Foot Forward 右足前
Moro Ashi Dachi One Foot Forward (two-foot) Stance 両足立ち
Musubi Dachi Open Foot (connected) Stance 結び立ち
Neko Ashi Dachi Cat Foot Stance 猫足立ち
Sanchin Dachi Three Point Stance 三戦立ち
Shiko Dachi Sumo Stance 四股立ち
Soto Hachiji Dachi Outside "Character 8" Stance 外八字立ち
Tsuru Ashi Dachi Crane Foot Stance 鶴足立ち
Uchi Hachiji Dachi Inside "Character 8" Stance 内八字立ち
Yōi Dachi Ready Stance 用意立ち
Yonjūgodo Kiba Dachi Forty-Five Degree Horse Riding Stance 四十五度騎馬立ち
Zenkutsu Dachi Forward Leaning Stance 前屈立ち
Tsuki Waza Punching Techniques 突き技
Seiken – Forefist – 正拳
– Oi Tsuki – Chasing Punch 追い突き
– Morote Tsuki – Two-Handed Punch 両手突き
– Gyaku Tsuki – Reverse Punch 逆突き
– Tate Tsuki – Vertical Punch 縦突き
– Jun Tsuki – Lunge Punch 順突き
Shita Tsuki Low Punch 下突き
Uchi Waza Striking Techniques 打ち技
Seiken – Forefist – 正拳
– Ago Uchi – Chin / Jaw Strike 顎打ち
– Furi Ichi – Swinging Strike 振り打ち
Tettsui – Hammer Fist – 鉄槌
– Oroshi Ganmen Uchi – Descending Face Strike 下ろし顔面打ち
– Komekami Uchi – Temple Strike 顳打ち
– Hizō Uchi – Spleen Strike 脾臓打ち
– Mae Yoko Uchi – Forward Side Strike 前横打ち
– Yoko Uchi – Side Strike 横打ち
Uraken – Backfist – 裏拳
– Ganmen Uchi – Face Strike 顔面打ち
– Sayū Uchi – Left and Right Strike 左右打ち
– Hizō Uchi – Spleen Strike 脾臓打ち
– Oroshi Ganmen Uchi – Descending Face Strike 下ろし顔面打ち
– Mawashi Uchi – Roundhouse Strike 回し打ち
Nihon Nukite Two-Fingered Spear Hand 二本貫手
Yonhon Nukite Four-Fingered Spear Hand 四本貫手
Shōtei Uchi Palm Heel Strike 掌底打ち
Shutō – Knife Hand – 手刀
– Sakotsu Uchi – Collarbone Strike 鎖骨打ち
– Yoko Ganmen Uchi – Side Face Strike 横顔面打ち
– Sakotsu Uchikomi – Collarbone Driving Strike 鎖骨打ち込み
– Hizō Uchi – Spleen Strike 脾臓打ち
– Uchi Uchi – Inside Strike 内打ち
Hiji Ate Elbow Strike 肘当て
Mae Hiji Ate Forward Elbow Strike 前肘当て
Age Hiji Ate Rising Elbow Strike 上げ肘当て
Ushiro Hiji Ate Backwards Elbow Strike 後ろ肘当て
Oroshi Hiji Ate Descending Elbow Strike 下ろし肘当て
Uke Waza Blocking Techniques 受け技
Jōdan Uke Upper Block 上段受け
Gedan Barai Lower Parry 下段払い
Chūdan Uchi Uke Middle Area Inside Block 中段内受け
Chūdan Soto Uke Middle Area Outside Block 中段外受け
Morote Chūdan Uchi Uke Two-Handed Middle Area Inside Block 両手中段内受け
Chūdan Uchi Uke
Gedan Barai
Middle Area Inside Block
with Lower Parry
中段内受け下段払い
Shutō Uke Knife Hand Block 手刀受け
Jūji Uke Crossed Block 十字受け
Kake Uke Hooked Block 掛け受け
Shōtei Uke Palm Heel Block 掌底受け
Mawashi Uke Circular Block 回し受け
Osae Uke Push-Down Block 押え受け
Geri Waza Kicking Techniques 蹴り技
Hiza Ganmen Geri Knee Face Kick 膝顔面蹴り
Mawashi Hiza Geri Roundhouse Knee Kick 回し膝蹴り
Mae Hiza Geri Forward Knee Kick 前膝蹴り
Kin Geri Groin Kick 金蹴り
Mae Geri Front Kick 前蹴り
Mae Keage Front Rising Kick 前蹴上げ
Soto Mawashi Keage Outside Crescent Kick 外回し蹴上げ
Uchi Mawashi Keage Inside Crescent Kick 内回し蹴上げ
Yoko Keage Side Rising Kick 横蹴上げ
Mawashi Geri Roundhouse Kick 回し蹴り
Kansetsu Geri Joint Kick 関節蹴り
Yoko Geri Side Kick 横蹴り
Ushiro Geri Back Kick 後ろ蹴り
Kakato Geri Heel Kick 踵蹴り
Mae Kakato Geri Forward Heel Kick 前踵蹴り
Ago Geri Chin / Jaw Kick 顎蹴り
Tobi Mae Geri Jumping Front Kick 跳び前蹴り
Tobi Yoko Geri Jumping Side Kick 跳び横蹴り
Tobi Kake Geri Jumping Hook Kick 跳び掛け蹴り
Ashi Barai Leg Sweep 足払い
Kihon Yōgo Basic Terminology 基本用語
Anza Relaxed Sitting 安座
Arigatō Gozaimasu Thank You (polite) ありがとうござい ます
Budō Martial Way 武道
Buki Weapon 武器
Bunkai Analysis (application) of a Technique 分解
Dan Grade (Black Belt)
Dōgi (Gi) Karate Uniform (Way clothes) 道衣
Dōjō Training Hall (Way place) 道場
Dōjō Kun Training Hall Oath 道場訓
Fumiashi Step (with a change of feet) 踏み足
Gasshūkoku United States 合州国
Goshin Jutsu Self-Defense Techniques 護身術
Hajime Begin 始め
Hanshi Honorable Master 範士
Hantai Reverse, Opposite 反対
Hikite Pulling Hand 引き手
Ibuki Forced Tension Breathing 息吹
Idō Geiko Moving Drills 移動稽古
Jissen Kumite Full-Contact Fighting 実戦組手
Jiyū Kumite Free Fighting 自由組手
Kai Association
Kaichō Chairman 会長
Kaiten Rotation 回転
Kamae Posture 構え
Kamaete Take Ready Position 構えて
Kami no Kamae Upper Body Posture 上の構え
Karate Empty Hand 空手
Karatedō Karate Way 空手道
Karateka Karate Practitioner 空手家
Kata Forms
Kenka Brawl 喧嘩
Ki Inner Energy
Kiai Explosive Scream 気合
Kiai Irete With Explosive Energy 気合居れて
Kihon Basics 基本
Kihon Waza Basic Techniques 基本技
Kime Focus (i.e. Focusing Power) 極め
Kōhai Junior Student 後輩
Kokusai International 国際
Kōtai Substitution (i.e. partners
switch places in a drill)
交替
Kumite Fight 組手
Kyokushin Ultimate Truth 極真
Kyū Rank (below Black Belt)
Maai Interval (between opponents) 間合い
Makiwara Striking Post (straw wrapped) 巻藁
Mawatte Turn 回って
Mokuso Meditation (silent thought) 黙想
Mugōrei Without Commands 無号令
Mushin Without Thought (no mind) 無心
Naore Return to Starting Position 直れ
Nogare Calm, Controlled Breathing 逃れ
Obi Belt (sash)
Okuriashi Shuffle Step (sending foot) 送り足
Onegaishimasu Please (polite) お願いします
Osu Determination (push and endure) 押忍
Otagai Each Other 御互い
Rei (...ni Rei) Bow (Bow to...)
Renmei Federation 連盟
Renma Polishing, Training 錬磨
Renraku Combinations 連絡
Seishin Spirit 精神
Seiza Formal Kneeling (correct sitting) 正座
Sempai Senior (1st & 2nd Dan) 先輩
Sensei Teacher (born before) (3rd & 4th Dan) 先生
Shihan Expert (5th Dan & higher) 師範
Shodan 1st Dan (beginning grade) 初段
Shōmen Front (correct face) of the Dojo 正面
Sōsai President 総裁
Taikai Tournament 大会
Tameshiwari Breaking Test 試し割り
Tanden Center of Body (below navel) 丹田
Waza Technique(s)
Yakusoku Kumite Pre-Arranged Fighting 約束組手
Yame Stop 止め
Yasume Rest, at Ease 休め
Yōi Ready 用意
Yūdansha Black Belt Holder 有段者
Zanshin Remain Alert (remaining mind) 残心
Taikai Yōgo Tournament Terminology 大会用語
Aka Red
Awasete Ippon Adds Up to One Point 合わせて一本
Chūi Warning 注意
Enchōsen Final Overtime Round 延長戦
Fukushin Corner Judge (assistant referee 副審
Fukushin Shūgō Referees' Conference 副審集合
Genten Penalty 減点
Hantei Decision 判定
Hikiwake Draw, Tie 引き分け
Ippon One Point 一本
Kachi (...no Kachi) Win (...the Winner) 勝ち
Kiken Forfeit 棄権
Saishiai Extension, Overtime 再試合
Senshuken Taikai Championship Tournament 選手権大会
Shikaku Disqualification 失格
Shiro White
Shushin Chief Referee 主審
Waza Ari Half Point (has a technique) 技有り
Zokkō Resume Fighting 続行
Kazu Numbers
Ichi, Hitotsu 1
Ni 2
San 3
Shi, Yon 4
Go 5
Roku 6
Shichi, Nana 7
Hachi 8
Ku, Kyū 9
10
Jūichi 11 十一
Sanjū 30 三十
Yonjūgo 45 四十五
Hyaku 100
Sen 1,000
Man 10,000
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